Ocular Disease

We provide diagnosis, treatment and management of various types of ocular disease which affect the human eye and vision system. Some examples include:

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome occurs when the normal flow of tears over the eyes is interrupted, or the tear film is abnormal. In many cases, dry eye syndrome is a life long problem. You can relieve the symptoms, but not cure the original cause. Artificial tear lubricants can be very helpful. In some cases blocking the tear ducts with punctal plugs will concentrate the limited tears that are available to give relief. We use a number of treatment modalities to deal with this complicated problem.


Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically rounded, becomes cone-shaped. The progression is usually slow and can stop at any stage from mild to severe. Vision distortion increases as the cornea bulges and thins. The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing the vision. Treatment of Keratoconus is most effective with gas permeable contact lenses, designed specifically for the irregular corneal surface. If contact lens treatment is not successful, surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.


Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy may result from higher than normal blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels start a series of events which end in damaged blood vessel walls. These damaged vessel walls begin to leak fluid and bleed, causing the retina to swell and form deposits know as exudates. Vision can be lost if these spots are not watched and treated. During your regular periodic eye exam, we carefully examine the back of your eyes to follow and manage this and other significant eye diseases.


Cataract

Cataract is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye. This opacity may be a small spot or may cover the entire lens. When light enters the cataract it is scattered, causing images to appear hazy and blurred. There are many different types of cataracts. The one shown here is a cortical cataract. Here the opacity forms first in the periphery of the lens and progresses toward the center, like spokes of a wheel. Ultimately, the best treatment is to remove the cataract lens and replace it with an acrylic man-made lens. This is referred to as cataract surgery.


Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the central part of the retina in the back of the eye loses blood circulation. There is a breakdown of retinal pigment epithelium cells in the macular region. As the disease progresses, central vision diminishes. It is believed that this breakdown is contributed to by a lack of nutrients being supplied to the region. It is considered a natural aging process, although high blood pressure and smoking contribute considerably to progression. Additional studies have found a genetic link to this disease. Recent breakthroughs in treatment help to slow the disease. Treatment often includes better nutritional management including supplementing the diet with specific vitamins and minerals.


Our doctors are highly trained and skilled, and have done extensive study into the mechanism of diseases that affect the eye and their diagnosis and treatment. Our office is open five days a week and accepts major medical insurance as well as Medicare. We also provide an urgent care phone number that is accessible 24 hours a day.